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LESSONS…

September 12, 2013

The Torah reveals that the very first “priest” (i.e., kohen: כּהֵן) was neither a Jew nor a Levite nor a descendant of Aaron, but rather Someone who is said to have “neither beginning of days nor end of life” but is made like (ἀφωμοιωμένος) the Son of God, a priest continually (Heb. 7:3). This priest, of course, was Malki-Tzedek (מַלְכִּי־צֶדֶק), the King of Salem (מֶלֶךְ שָׁלֵם) to whom Abraham offered tithes after his victory over the kings (Gen. 14:18). The Book of Hebrews states that the priesthood of Malki-Tzedek is greater than the Levitical priesthood and is therefore superior to the rites and services of the Tabernacle (Heb. 7:9-11). It was to Malki-Tzedek that Abram (and by extension, the Levitical system instituted by his descendant Moses) gave tithes and homage — and rightly so, since Yeshua is the great High Priest of the better covenant based on better promises (Heb. 8:6). For the law made nothing perfect; but on the other hand, a better hope is introduced, and that is how we draw near to God (Heb. 7:19). We draw near to God through Yeshua, our Great High Priest of the New Covenant… He is able to save to the uttermost those who draw near to God through Him, since he always lives to make intercession for them (Heb. 7:25).
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Hebrew for Christians
Indeed, the Levitical priesthood “made nothing perfect” and therefore a “new priesthood” was required to finally reconcile us back to God (Psalm 110:4). “For when there is a change (μετατιθεμένης) in the priesthood, there is necessarily a change (μετάθεσις) in the law as well” (Heb. 7:12). The word translated “change” here comes from the verb μετατίθημι (from meta, “after” + tithemi, to “set”) which would be better translated as “transposed.” The idea is the priesthood reverted back to the original priesthood of Zion and therefore required a corresponding “transfer” of authority (μετάθεσις) to the original kingship as well (Heb. 7:12). Yeshua is our great Kohen Gadol (High Priest) after the order of Malki-Tzedek (Heb. 5:10, 6:20; 7:1-28), just as He is our King and the final authority of the Torah. Those who follow Him are called to be mamlekhet kohanim v’goy kadosh, “a kingdom of priests and a holy nation” forever (Exod. 19:6, 1 Pet. 2:9, Rev. 1:6, 5:10). Followers of Yeshua have an altar “from which those who serve in the Tabernacle are not permitted to eat” (Heb. 13:10).

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