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Quid pro quo

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quid_pro_quo?wprov=sfla1

Got this on my mind for some odd reason and decided to share. It’s another word for bribes, blackmail….

Quid pro quo (“something for something” or “this for that” inLatin)[1] means an exchange of goods or services, where one transfer is contingent upon the other. English speakers often use the term to mean “a favour for a favour”; phrases with similar meaning include: “give and take”, “tit for tat“, and “you scratch my back, and I’ll scratch yours”.

In common law

In common lawquid pro quo indicates that an item or a service has been traded in return for something of value, usually when the propriety or equity of the transaction is in question. A contract must involve consideration: that is, the exchange of something of value for something else of value.

In the United States, if the exchange appears excessively one sided, courts in some jurisdictions may question whether a quid pro quo did actually exist and the contract may be held void.[2]

In the U.S., lobbyists are legally entitled to support candidates that hold positions with which the donors agree, or which will benefit the donors. Such conduct becomes bribery only when there is an identifiable exchange between the contribution and official acts, previous or subsequent, and the term quid pro quo denotes such an exchange.[citation needed]

In United States labor law, workplace sexual harassment can take two forms; either “Quid pro quo” harassment or hostile work environment harassment.[3] “Quid pro quo” harassment takes place when a supervisor requires sex, sexual favors, or sexual contact from an employee/job candidate as a condition of their employment. Only supervisors who have the authority to make tangible employment actions (i.e. hire, fire, promote, etc.), can commit “Quid pro quo” harassment.[4] The supervising harasser must have “immediate (or successively higher) authority over the employee.”[5] The power dynamic between a supervisor and subordinate/job candidate is such that a supervisor could use his/her position of authority to extract sexual relations based on the subordinate/job candidate’s need for employment. Co-workers and non-decision making supervisors cannot engage in “Quid pro quo” harassment with other employees, but an employer could potentially be liable for the behavior of these employees under a Hostile work environment claim. The harassing employee’s status as a supervisor is significant because if the individual is found to be a supervisor then the employing company can be held vicariously liable for the actions of that supervisor.[6] Under Agency law, the employer is held responsible for the actions of the supervisor because he/she was in a position of power within the company at the time of the harassment.

To establish a Prima facie case of “Quid pro quo” harassment:

  • plaintiff must prove that he/she was subjected to “unwelcome sexual conduct,”
  • that submission to such conduct was explicitly or implicitly a term of their employment, and
  • submission to or rejection of this conduct was used as a basis for an employment decision.[7]

Once the plaintiff has established these three factors, the employer can not assert an affirmative defense( such as the employer had a sexual harassment policy in place to prevent and properly respond to issues of sexual harassment), but can only dispute whether the unwelcome conduct did not in fact take place, the employee was not a supervisor, and that there was no tangible employment action involved.

Explaining the Three Factors:

  • Unwelcome Sexual Conduct: A court will look at the employee’s conduct to determine whether the supervisor’s sexual advances were unwelcome. In Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson, the Court opined that voluntary sex between an employee and supervisor does not establish proof that a supervisor’s sexual advances were welcome. The Court also stated that evidence of the subordinate employee’s provocative dress and publicly expressed sexual fantasies can be introduced as evidence if relevant.[8]
  • Term of Employment: A term or condition of employment means that the subordinate/job candidate must acquiesce to the sexual advances of the supervisor in order to maintain/be hired for the job. In essence, the sexual harassment becomes a part of their job. For example, a supervisor promises an employee a raise if she will go out on a date with him, or tells an employee she will be fired if she doesn’t sleep with him.[9]
  • Tangible Employment Action: A tangible employment action must take place as a result of the employee’s submission or refusal of supervisor’s advances. In Burlington Industries, Inc. v. Ellerth, the Court stated that tangible employment action amounted to “a significant change in employment status, such as hiring, firing, failing to promote, reassignment with significantly different responsibilities, or a decision causing a significant change in benefits.” It is important to note that only supervisors can make tangible employment actions, since they have the company’s authority to do so. The Court also held that unfulfilled threats by a supervisor of an adverse employment decision are not sufficient to establish a “Quid pro quo,” but were relevant for the purposes of aHostile work environment claim.[10] Additionally, The Supreme Court has held that Constructive dismissal can count as a tangible employment action (thus allowing a quid pro quo sexual harassment claim) if the actions taken by a supervisor created a situation where a “reasonable person … would have felt compelled to resign.”[11]

Difference Between Hostile Work Environment Claims and “Quid pro quo”Harassment Claims: Although these terms are popular among lawyers and scholars, neither Hostile Work Environment nor “Quid pro quo” are found in Title VII of the Human Rights of 1964, which prohibits employers from discriminating on the basis of race, sex, color, national origin, and religion. The Supreme Court noted in Burlington Industries, Inc. v. Ellerththat these terms are useful in differentiating between cases where threats of harassment are “carried out and those where they are not or absent altogether,” but otherwise these terms serve a limited purpose.[12]Therefore,it is important to remember that sexual harassment can take place by a supervisor, and an employer can be potentially liable, even if that supervisor’s behavior does not fall within the criteria of a “Quid pro quo” harassment claim.

United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, the one-sidedness of a contract is covered by the Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977 and various revisions and amendments to it; a clause can be held void or the entire contract void if it is deemed unfair (that is to say, one-sided and not a quid pro quo); however this is a civil law and not a common law matter.

Political donors must be resident in the UK. There are fixed limits to how much they may donate (£5000 in any single donation), and it must be recorded in the House of Commons Register of Members’ Interests or at the House of Commons Library; the quid pro quo is strictly not allowed, that a donor can by his donation have some personal gain. This is overseen by the Parliamentary Commissioner for Standards. There are also prohibitions on donations being given in the six weeks before the election for which it is being campaigned.[citation needed] It is also illegal for donors to support party political broadcasts, which are tightly regulated, free to air, and scheduled and allotted to the various parties according to a formula agreed by Parliament and enacted with the Communications Act 2003.

India

In India, in September 2013, the Central Bureau of Investigationheld a special court and summonsed Jaganmohan Reddy and N. Srinivasan to appear before it before 1 November 2013 in the “Quid Pro Quo case”.[13] On 12 February 2014, Srinivasan appeared before the court, which is (as of 21 February 2014) sub judice.[14][15]

In literature

Ambrose Bierce in his Devil’s Dictionary defines:

Influence AB. A pun on the Latin expression quid pro quo, meaning an equal exchange (this for that), and the British word quid, meaning a pound sterling.

— Ambrose BierceThe Unabridged Devil’s Dictionary[16]

Elsewhere (since Bierce wrote different definitions depending on which newspaper he was working for) he defined it:

Influencen. In politics, a visionary quo given in exchange for a substantial quid.

— Ambrose BierceThe Devil’s Dictionary[17]

In his classic self-help book Think and Grow Rich, Napoleon Hill (disciple of Andrew Carnegie) calls quid pro quo “a universal law of the marketplace, which Nature Herself will reckon if it is bent/broken long enough!”

Other meanings

Quid pro quo may sometimes be used to define a misunderstanding or blunder made by the substituting of one thing for another, particularly in the context of the transcribing of a text.[18] In this alternate context, the phrase qui pro quo is more faithful to the original Latin meaning (see below). In proofreading, an error made by the proofer to indicate to use the original is usually marked with the Latin word stet (“let it stand”), not with “QPQ”.

In the Romance languages, such as ItalianPortugueseSpanish andFrench, the phrase quid pro quo is used with the original Latin meaning, referring to a misunderstanding or a mistake (“to take one thing for another”).[19][20] In those languages, the Latin phrase corresponding to the English usage of quid pro quo is do ut des (“I give so that you will give”).

The Vocabolario Treccani (an authoritative dictionary published by the Encyclopaedia Treccani), under the entry “qui pro quo”, states that the latter expression probably derives from the Latin used in late medieval pharmaceutical compilations.[19] This can be clearly seen from the work appearing precisely under this title, “Tractatus quid pro quo,” (Treatise on what substitutes for what) in the medical collection headed up by Mesue cum expositione Mondini super Canones universales… (Venice: per Joannem & Gregorium de gregorijs fratres, 1497), folios 334r-335r. Some examples of what could be used in place of what in this list are: “Pro vua passa dactili” (in place of raisins, [use] dates); “Pro mirto sumac” (in place of myrtle, [use] sumac); “Pro fenugreco semen lini” (in place of fenugreek, [use] flaxseed), etc. This list was an essential resource in the medieval apothecary, especially for occasions when certain essential medicinal substances were not available.

See also

Potato Chips

Potato Chips
A little boy wanted to meet God. He knew it was a long trip to where God lived, so he packed his suitcase with a bag of potato chips and a six-pack of root beer and started his journey. 
When he had gone about three blocks, he met an old man. He was sitting in the park, just staring at some pigeons. The boy sat down next to him and opened his suitcase. He was about to take a drink from his root beer when he noticed that the old man looked hungry, so he offered him some chips. He gratefully accepted It and smiled at him.
His smile was so pretty that the boy wanted to see it again, so he offered him a root beer. Again, he smiled at him. The boy was delighted! They sat there all afternoon eating and smiling, but they never said a word… 
As twilight approached, the boy realized how tired he was and he got up to leave; But before he had gone more than a few steps, he turned around, ran back to the old man, and gave him a hug. He gave him his biggest smile ever… 
When the boy opened the door to his own house a short time later, his mother was Surprised by the look of joy on his face. She asked him, “What did you do today that made you so happy?” 
He replied, “I had lunch with God.” But before his mother could respond, he added, “You know what? He’s got the most beautiful smile I’ve ever seen!”
Meanwhile, the old man, also radiant with joy, returned to his home. His son was stunned by the look of peace on his face and he asked, “dad, what did you do today that made you so happy?” 
He replied “I ate potato chips in the park with God.” However, before his son responded, he added, “You know, he’s much younger than I expected.”
Too often we underestimate the power of a touch, a smile, a kind word, a listening ear, an honest compliment, or the smallest act of caring, all of which have the potential to turn a life around. People come into our lives for a reason, a season, or a lifetime!
Embrace all equally!
Have lunch with God…….bring chips.

Rules To Live By…Blessed are…

Rules to Live By

And seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain: and when he was set, his disciples came unto him: And he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying,
Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted.
Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth.
Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.
Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.
Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God.
Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God.
Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness’ sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake.
Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.
Matthew 5:1-12 KJV
http://bible.com/1/mat.5.1-12.KJV

Take heed!

 FEMALE HEART ATTACKS 💗

I was aware that female heart attacks are different, but this is the best description I’ve ever read.

Women rarely have the same dramatic symptoms that men have … you know, the sudden stabbing pain in the chest, the cold sweat, grabbing the chest & dropping to the floor that we see in movies. Here is the story of one woman’s experience with a heart attack.

I had a heart attack at about 10:30 PM with NO prior exertion, NO prior emotional trauma that one would suspect might have brought it on. I was sitting all snugly & warm on a cold evening, with my purring cat in my lap, reading an interesting story my friend had sent me, and actually thinking, ‘A-A-h, this is the life, all cozy and warm in my soft, cushy Lazy Boy with my feet propped up.

A moment later, I felt that awful sensation of indigestion, when you’ve been in a hurry and grabbed a bite of sandwich and washed it down with a dash of water, and that hurried bite seems to feel like you’ve swallowed a golf ball going down the esophagus in slow motion and it is most uncomfortable. You realize you shouldn’t have gulped it down so fast and needed to chew it more thoroughly and this time drink a glass of water to hasten its progress down to the stomach. This was my initial sensation–the only trouble was that I hadn’t taken a bite of anything since about 5:00 p.m.

After it seemed to subside, the next sensation was like little squeezing motions that seemed to be racing up my SPINE (hind-sight, it was probably my aorta spasms), gaining speed as they continued racing up and under my sternum (breast bone, where one presses rhythmically when administering CPR).

This fascinating process continued on into my throat and branched out into both jaws. ‘AHA!! NOW I stopped puzzling about what was happening — we all have read and/or heard about pain in the jaws being one of the signals of an MI happening, haven’t we? I said aloud to myself and the cat, Dear God, I think I’m having a heart attack!

I lowered the foot rest dumping the cat from my lap, started to take a step and fell on the floor instead. I thought to myself, If this is a heart attack, I shouldn’t be walking into the next room where the phone is or anywhere else… but, on the other hand, if I don’t, nobody will know that I need help, and if I wait any longer I may not be able to get up in a moment.

I pulled myself up with the arms of the chair, walked slowly into the next room and dialed the Paramedics… I told her I thought I was having a heart attack due to the pressure building under the sternum and radiating into my jaws. I didn’t feel hysterical or afraid, just stating the facts. She said she was sending the Paramedics over immediately, asked if the front door was near to me, and if so, to un-bolt the door and then lie down on the floor where they could see me when they came in.

I unlocked the door and then laid down on the floor as instructed and lost consciousness, as I don’t remember the medics coming in, their examination, lifting me onto a gurney or getting me into their ambulance, or hearing the call they made to St. Jude ER on the way, but I did briefly awaken when we arrived and saw that the radiologist was already there in his surgical blues and cap, helping the medics pull my stretcher out of the ambulance. He was bending over me asking questions (probably something like ‘Have you taken any medications?’) but I couldn’t make my mind interpret what he was saying, or form an answer, and nodded off again, not waking up until the Cardiologist and partner had already threaded the teeny angiogram balloon up my femoral artery into the aorta and into my heart where they installed 2 side by side stints to hold open my right coronary artery.

I know it sounds like all my thinking and actions at home must have taken at least 20-30 minutes before calling the paramedics, but actually it took perhaps 4-5 minutes before the call, and both the fire station and St Jude are only minutes away from my home, and my Cardiologist was already to go to the OR in his scrubs and get going on restarting my heart (which had stopped somewhere between my arrival and the procedure) and installing the stents.
Why have I written all of this to you with so much detail? Because I want all of you who are so important in my life to know what I learned first hand.

1. Be aware that something very different is happening in your body, not the usual men’s symptoms but inexplicable things happening (until my sternum and jaws got into the act). It is said that many more women than men die of their first (and last) MI because they didn’t know they were having one and commonly mistake it as indigestion, take some Maalox or other anti-heartburn preparation and go to bed, hoping they’ll feel better in the morning when they wake up… which doesn’t happen. My female friends, your symptoms might not be exactly like mine, so I advise you to call the Paramedics if ANYTHING is unpleasantly happening that you’ve not felt before. It is better to have a ‘false alarm’ visitation than to risk your life guessing what it might be!

2. Note that I said ‘Call the Paramedics.’ And if you can take an aspirin. Ladies, TIME IS OF THE ESSENCE!

Do NOT try to drive yourself to the ER – you are a hazard to others on the road.

Do NOT have your panicked husband who will be speeding and looking anxiously at what’s happening with you instead of the road.

Do NOT call your doctor — he doesn’t know where you live and if it’s at night you won’t reach him anyway, and if it’s daytime, his assistants (or answering service) will tell you to call the Paramedics. He doesn’t carry the equipment in his car that you need to be saved! The Paramedics do, principally OXYGEN that you need ASAP. Your Dr. will be notified later.

3. Don’t assume it couldn’t be a heart attack because you have a normal cholesterol count. Research has discovered that a cholesterol elevated reading is rarely the cause of an MI (unless it’s unbelievably high and/or accompanied by high blood pressure). MIs are usually caused by long-term stress and inflammation in the body, which dumps all sorts of deadly hormones into your system to sludge things up in there. Pain in the jaw can wake you from a sound sleep. Let’s be careful and be aware. The more we know the better chance we could survive.

A cardiologist says if everyone who sees this post would Share or re-post, you can be sure that we’ll save at least one life.

*Please be a true friend and SHARE this article to all your friends, women & men too. Most men have female loved ones and could greatly benefit from know this information too.

The Blessings of Obedience

Whitney Capps

Exodus 2:2-3 (NIV) “And she became pregnant and gave birth to a son. When she saw that he was a fine child, she hid him for three months. But when she could hide him no longer, she got a papyrus basket for him and coated it with tar and pitch. Then she placed the child in it and put it among the reeds along the bank of the Nile.”

Obedience always brings blessings. I’ve heard that message preached, but Exodus 2 teaches us we must be very careful what we expect for our obedience and what we define as a blessing. 

Fearing the growth and potential power of the Hebrew slave nation, Pharaoh orders that all baby boys be murdered. Jochebed, Moses’s biological mother who is named in later chapters, hides her son and then entrusts his life to the protection of God alone. Because the midwives boldly ignored Pharaoh, he commanded his entire nation to assist in killing Hebrew boys. Jochebed knew her son was in danger. Placing him in the basket in the river is a bold, faith-filled move. We can learn a few important lessons from her example.

First, blessings on this side of eternity are temporary. 

Jochebed received the blessing of a healthy baby boy, but that blessing was brief. When she realizes she can’t hide the baby any longer she puts him in a basket and places the basket in among the reeds of the Nile. The word for “basket” here is the same word used to describe Noah’s ark. This basket would also be a picture of God’s great grace and protection.

Second, obedience positions us to see God work in spectacular ways.

Jochebed trusts her baby of blessing to the careful watch of her good God. God did not disappoint. He directed the Egyptian princess   come, find the baby and rescue him. Watching this unfold from a distance, Moses’s sister, Miriam also named in later chapters, offers to find a Hebrew woman to nurse the baby. 

Jochebed would be given the privilege of nursing and raising her son, likely for three years! 

Third, obedience does not always remove our difficulties.

Let’s not forget an important detail about Jochebed ¾ she still had to give her baby boy up a second time! This must have been a heart-breaking reality. Her faith would be tested again when she left him for the last time in the care of Pharaoh’s daughter.  Blessings and burdens are often a package deal of obedience. We must trust God in both.

Finally, obedience builds our faith.

Perhaps Jochbed’s greatest blessing was realizing that her boy was safest in the hands of her great God. Her faith had been tested and rewarded. I want God to grow my faith, refine my character and chisel away my selfishness. Those treasures won’t always feel like blessings. I’d like to be the kind of person who trusts God to give and define my blessings. I’d rather be changed for eternity than comforted temporarily. 

Prayer: Heavenly Father, there are so many things that I say and pray easily, but find hard to live out. I really do want You to change me, not just make me comfortable and “blessed.” Help me to have an eternal and global perspective when I think about my wants and needs. Move my heart toward prayerfulness and compassion when I see brothers and sisters around the world in crisis or need. Bless me by changing me. In Jesus’ name, Amen.

Go deeper with today’s First 5 by writing in your Study of Exodus Experience Guide. Don’t have one?Get yours hereDigital Download option now available for $8.

More Moments: In the end of Exodus 2 we learn a bit about Moses. He was a man who struggled with a bit of an identity crisis. As a man of probably 40, he goes out to “where his own people were and watched them at their hard labor.” (Exodus 2:11) Read More

My Moment: In today’s passage we see how God can use our pain to bless others in profound ways. Jochebed had to entrust her son to God, and we will see how He uses Moses in a mighty way. Obedience often produces blessings for others. Are you in a situation right now with pain that is still raw, recent and seems meaningless? Write a prayer asking God to give you a vision for how He can use this situation for His purposes. If you’ve seen God turn your personal sacrifice into a profound blessing, would you share it to encourage others?

How’s that? A work in Progress…

Chosen or choosing?

Choosing Your Life Verse

by Theresa Ceniccola

Have you ever been asked what your “life verse” is? You know, the scripture quote that seems to speak to you directly – the one that holds a personal meaning for you. When I first heard of this concept, I was immediately overwhelmed. With more than 31,000 verses to choose from, how could I possibly select just one? How could one verse define my entire life? Even if it seemed to fit now, would it still encourage and strengthen me in 10 years?

That reaction is my typical perfectionist response to any sort of challenge or assignment. I had to remind myself that THIS IS NOT A TEST! That God wasn’t waiting for me to choose the “wrong” verse and then condemn me for failing a quiz. And that there was no rule preventing me from picking a new verse any time I needed one! (After all, there’s a reason there are more than 788,000 words in the Bible – we need to read them at different times in our lives.) With those comforting thoughts in mind, I set off to find my life verse.

Selecting Your Life Verse

The mission took me several months. I tried a few verses on for size in my mind.  I read them aloud to listen to the message behind the words. Wondered how they would serve me as a compass. I couldn’t make a decision. It still felt like such a commitment!

Then one Saturday morning, I was at a women’s retreat exploring the relationship between creativity and spirituality. We were making Spiritual Vision Boards and we were told to begin with our life verse in mind. Naturally, I considered and debated long after everyone else in the room started working on their boards. I eventually settled on a verse – it was more of a random selection based on the pressure to make a decision quickly before the others noticed that I didn’t have a life verse (how shameful!). The verse I selected spoke to me in the moment and has become a guiding force in my life ever since:

“Trust in the Lord with all your heart, and lean not on your own understanding; in all your ways acknowledge Him, and He shall direct your paths.” – Proverbs 3:5

The weight had been lifted from my shoulders! I had a life verse and I was ready to create a Spiritual Vision Board to honor that verse and give it a prominent place to live in my home.  This was the fun part! The activity gave me an opportunity to engage my right brain and exercise my creativity muscles, which I believe leads to infinite positive change.

How to Create a Spiritual Vision Board(or Spiritual Art Journal)

Step 1: Select a scripture quote. Any Bible verse that seems to be calling your name. Don’t overthink this part. You can make it easy and choose my verse if you want!

Step 2: Gather your supplies: a poster board or art journal; paint, markers or colored pencils; magazines, stickers or colorful paper; glue stick, rubber cement or craft paste; any images or phrases that inspire you. Some great resources are greeting cards, Christian magazines such as P31 Woman and materials from Bible studies you’ve attended.

Step 3: Set the tone. Play some inspirational Christian music. Light a candle or use your favorite essential oil for aromatherapy. Be sure you have an hour of time where you will be uninterrupted so you can fully immerse yourself in the creative process and use the time to reflect on God’s message.

Step 4: Create! Start wherever you feel most comfortable – you may want to paint or sketch an image on your poster board or journal paper. Or you may prefer to flip through the magazines and tear out images and words that resonate with you and arrange them on the board. Just cover your paper, overlapping images and adding decorative items like ribbon or stickers. Be sure to add your life verse somewhere on the board!

Step 5: Reflect. Find a place to hang your Spiritual Vision Board where you will see it daily. Take 10 minutes a day to reflect on the images and say a prayer. My Spiritual Vision Board serves as a daily reminder of my life verse. It invites me to devote my attention to the verse every day and it conjures up memories of the nourishing and rejuvenating retreat I attended.

Theresa Ceniccola is a mother, writer and entrepreneur with a passion for connecting other Christian women and helping small business grow. As a marketing and PR professional, she launched TGC Communications, LLC in 1994 and has been working from home to serve clients and follow her passion while raising a family.  She is also co-founder ofwww.writetohealth.com, a guided journaling practice dedicated to helping people discover the health benefits of writing. You can connect with Theresa on her blog at www.theresaceniccola.com.

 

Thank You, Lord

image

Sometimes we just need to step back and think about where we’ve been and where we’re going. Goals can be made and not happen. Our plans and God’s plans are not always the same. Other times we find out what those plans are and prepare to do just exactly that, only to find out that there is a few too many devil advocates. So we do what we can when we can and let God deal with them. To that I say thank you, Lord.

Jesus Paid It All ALL TO CHRIST
Short Meter Double with Refrain (6,6,7,7)

Author Elvina M. Hall, 1820-1889
Musician John T. Grape, 1835-1915
Bible Text Isaiah 1:18

Stanzas:
1) I hear the Saviour say,
“Thy strength indeed is small;
Child of weakness, watch and pray,
Find in in Me thine all in all.”

Refrain:
Jesus paid it all,
All to Him I owe;
Sin had left a crimson stain,
He washed it white as snow.

2) Lord, now indeed I find
Thy pow’r, and Thine alone,
Can change the leper’s spots,
And melt the heart of stone.

3) For nothing good have I
Whereby Thy grace to claim;
I’ll wash my garments white
In the the blood of Calv’ry’s Lamb.

4) And when, before the throne,
I stand in Him complete,
“Jesus died my soul to save,”
My lips shall still repeat.

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